Food Security &Improving Livelihood Assets

Combinations of natural and man-made factors have made most pastoralists and agro pastoralists communities vulnerable to drought, resource based conflict and other socio-economic problems. To change this situation, EPaRDA, together with its development partners, has focused efforts to ensure food, improved livelihood assets and promote peace and collaboration . To this effect, EPaRDA has achieved notable results mainly in income generating activities, small scale irrigation, livestock productivity, health and marketing, fishery, and bee keeping as summarized below.

 Livestock: is the major livelihood base for the pastoralist and agro-pastoralist. Accordingly, livestock sector has been one of the major intervention areas of EPaRDA. The intervention in this regard focus on improving animal husbandry, strengthening livestock health services through establishing veterinary clinics and training of community animal health workers (CAHWs), support livestock vaccination, market place development and creating market linkage. Introduction of camels to pastoral woredas of South Omo Zone  has been  also one component. Camel is an important livestock species uniquely adapted to hot and arid environments. It produces milk, meat, and hides and serves for riding and transport. Camels were introduced after an adaptability trial in 2003, and then distributed in Hamer and Bena-Tsemay Woredas.

Small Scale Irrigation: Introduced food security enhancing small-scale irrigation cultivation schemes in different sites, such as  Gola and Karo (in Hamer Woreda), Lochuch and Selegn (in Dassanech Woreda) and Omo Kibish (in Nyangatom Woreda).  In these irrigation schemes, around 2000 pastoralist and agro-pastoralist households have supported with skill training, material, financial and technical support. As a result of this intervention, the household income and food security of these communities in these locations have improved.
Fishery: Introduced fishing improvement techniques along with supply of equipment to selected fishing communities around Lake Turkana and Omo River so that they are able to  increase food production and able to generate income by selling the surplus as well.  Technical, financial and material support was provided to the community. The material supports include fishing boats and nets that were provided to over 150 households. Market linkage was created for sustainable market opportunity to the fishermen. Women were trained in fishing net making and on how to market their produce. As a result of this intervention, the household income and food security of these communities in these locations have improved
Bee keeping:  Modern bee keeping practices is promoted. Skill training on beehives management, honey handling methods and marketing was provided and beehives and other materials were provided. Many families are benefited from the scheme and improved their income and livelihood.

Income Generating Activities (IGA):  are promoted as part of improving household livelihood.  To this effect, depending on interests of the community, availability of market opportunities, raw material, adaptability of business skill to the local beneficiaries, and profitability – various potential IGA schemes are supported – mostly to organized women and youth.   The IGAs include- petty trade, women grain grinding mill groups, women goat group, women garden group,  shower/bath service, donkey cart transport service, cafeteria service, and pottery and clay production.  As a result, the many families have achieved improvement in income and livelihood.